ANY carbon-bearing feedstock material (e.g. biomass, garbage, etc.), is either ground and dried, or delivered in a liquid slurry, into the XFuels electrochemical reforming vessel, the Nebula Reactor™. Inside, a "cold plasma" electrochemical reaction occurs (verses the thermal reaction used by traditional combustion or gasification technologies like pyrolysis and plasma), which breaks down the feedstock via molecular dissociation into Hydrogen (H2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO) – commonly known as syngas.
Traditionally, "plasma" technologies are classified as (A) THERMAL, and (B) NON-THERMAL – or "cold", based on the relative temperatures of the electrons, ions and neutrals. (Thermal plasmas' electrons and heavy particles are the same temperature, i.e. they are in thermal equilibrium.)
XFuels technology maintains the ions and neutrals at a much lower temperature (≈ room temperature), whereas only the electrons become "hotter" – from 10,000 to 100,000 °K (1–10 eV). The cold-plasma effectively acts as a catalyst, in conjunction with a cyclonic vortex created in the chamber, allowing XFuels to access the resident energy within the feedstock to dissociate the individual molecules by naturally "breaking" covalent bonds (bonds which share electrons) in the material.